Dialysis, Metabolism, Minorities

Why South Asians are at increased risk for diabetes: A complex interplay of genetics, diet and history

South Asians are particularly insulin resistant. Compared to Caucasians, South Asians had higher insulin concentrations in their blood after ingesting sugar. This means that South Asian individuals require more insulin to regulate their blood sugar levels, a characteristic of Type 2 diabetes. There are numerous possible explanations for this, but genetic variants could be one culprit.